Citations in the text of your paper
Citations in the text of your paper should include the author’s last name(s), the year of publication, and be enclosed in parentheses (Wolf & Masters, 2006).

When you are including a direct quote from a source work, include a specific page reference (Anderson, 2004, p. 223). If the author(s) names are mentioned in the same sentence, include only the year of publication. If the year of publication is mentioned in the text, include only the author’s name in the cite.
Two authors
For works by two authors, always include both author names: (Anderson & Bjorn, 2003) As Anderson and Bjorn (2003) illustrated in their recent study As recently as 2003, a prominent study (Anderson & Bjorn) illustrated

Three, four, or five authors
When a work has 3, 4, or 5 authors, include the names of all the authors the first time the work is cited:
(Anderson, Myers, Wilkes, & Matthews, 2003)
For all subsequent citations of this work, use “et al.”:
(Anderson et al., 2003)

Six or more authors
When a work has 6 or more authors, use et al.:
(Bell et al., 2003)

Unsigned works
For unsigned works, include the title, enclosed in parentheses. Put quotation marks for short work titles, and italicize the titles of reports, books, and other significant works:
(“Recent Developments,” 2004)
(Dictionary of Tetrathalocigistic Diseases, 2004)


APA Style In-text Citations in a Research Paper


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